Hopewell Culture National Historical Park

Description

Located along the banks of the Scioto River, Hopewell Culture National Historical Park is the site of the famous "Mound City," where the Hopewell Indians of Ohio constructed ceremonial earthworks over 2,000 years ago. Ever since colonial times, people have speculated about the mounds and earthworks. Mound City contains 23 mounds of various sizes and shapes enclosed within a four-foot-high earthen wall. The Hopewell people lived in this area between 200 BC and 500 AD, and archaeological study has shown that the Hopewell had sophisticated social and trading systems, and created beautiful, intricate artifacts. Archaeologists have theorized that the earthworks were important in the religious and social life of the Hopewell. Like all cultures, the Hopewell gradually changed; around 500 AD the unique characteristics that defined the Hopewell had disappeared. What to see and do: You may want to begin your tour of Hopewell Culture National Park at the visitor center. Here you will see exhibits of the wide array of artifacts that were excavated from the site, including obsidian spearheads, clay pottery, stone pipes, and headdresses made of copper. You can also see original effigy pipes and two, 11-inch copper falcons. A 17-minute video, "Legacy of the Mound Builders," provides an excellent introduction to the Hopewell people. During the summer, you can join guided tours of the area, or take a self-guided tour within the earthen wall. Nature lovers will want to take advantage of a hiking trail in the woodlands near the monument. Leashed pets are permitted on the grounds but not in any park building. Handicapped-accessible facilities are available. Special events are held during National Park Week in May and Archaeology Day in August. Call the visitor center for further information. The visitors center is open daily from 8:30 AM to 5 PM with extended summer hours, and is closed Thanksgiving Day, Christmas Day, and New Year's Day. Hopewell Culture National Historical Parkis located on the Scioto River's west bank and is accessible by Ohio State Route 104, three miles north of Chillicothe.

Address

16062 State Route 104
Chillicothe, OH 45601

Lat/Long

39.37416800, -83.00741300
Visit Website
(740) 774-1126

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